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When diabetes meets low blood sugar: master self-help methods are not flustered

Diabetes patients are receiving some hypoglycemic drugs, and they are prone to hypoglycemia or even life-threatening due to improper diet or exercise. Experts suggest that you can master some simple self-rescue methods to relieve pain and eliminate danger when hypoglycemia occurs.

“When there are symptoms such as trembling, rapid heartbeat, hunger, sweating, limb weakness, headache, etc., diabetic patients should suspect hypoglycemia, but some people are not typical.” Xu Lingyu, deputy director of the Department of Endocrinology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, said Blood glucose should be monitored immediately: when blood glucose is lower than 3.9 mmol/L, it can be diagnosed as hypoglycemia and should be treated promptly; if it is between 4.0 and 5.6 mmol/L, if it has symptoms of hypoglycemia, it should be treated; In moles/liters, there is usually no need for treatment except in special circumstances. If the blood glucose is monitored immediately and unconditionally, the above symptoms should be treated promptly.

What should I do if my diabetics have hypoglycemia? Xu Lingxi suggested that you can drink a cup of sugar containing 15 grams – 20 grams of sugar or 15 grams – 20 grams of glucose water, or drink juice, cola; you can also eat 1-2 tablespoons of honey, or eat about 30 grams of sugar Block or biscuit; can also take glucose tablets. If the blood glucose is still below 3.9 mmol/L after 15 minutes, you should eat 15 g-20 g sugary food again; if it is higher than 3.9 mmol/L, but still more than 1 hour from the next meal, you should eat again. Foods containing starch and protein.

“Try to use foods that can raise blood sugar quickly.” Xu Lingxi said that when serious hypoglycemia occurs and the mind is unclear, the family should immediately send the patient to the hospital for emergency treatment.

It is worth noting that nocturnal hypoglycemia is dangerous and may remain for several hours without awakening the patient or even causing sudden death. Especially in the cold winter, the blood vessels are often in a state of contraction. Hypoglycemia can aggravate vasoconstriction and cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular emergency. . Xu Lingxi suggested that if the blood glucose level before going to bed is lower than 6-7 mmol/L, the patient should pay attention to the appropriate meal before going to bed. If the long-term blood sugar is low, pay attention to reduce the insulin dose before or before bedtime, and strengthen the nighttime blood glucose monitoring.

For patients with frequent hypoglycemia, experts recommend that patients and their families do a good job of every blood sugar record, looking for factors such as diet, exercise and combined medication, and find a doctor to help find the cause as soon as possible. When the patient is out, prepare snacks such as candy or biscuits. It is best to be accompanied.

Updated: June 2, 2017 — 4:36 am

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