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What should I do to reduce myopia?

  Wuhan Red Scarf School students are doing eye exercises. Reporter Tian Dou bean photo

  Wuhan Red Scarf School students grouped and played the “shuttle ball” game on the playground. Reporter Tian Dou bean photo

  Myopia in China is younger and younger. It is estimated that there are more than 100 million students in myopia in China.

Students use eyes for a long time, especially the abuse of electronic products, which is an important cause of high myopia.

Incorporate vision health into quality education, and account for local governments and schools that have reduced their physical fitness for three consecutive years.

A few days ago, the “1+1” series of educational endeavors launched an interview activity in Hubei. The reporter was informed that the results of the 2014 national physique health survey and monitoring showed that the visual acuity rate of primary school students, junior high school students, high school students and college students in China was as high as 45.71. %, 74.36%, 83.28%, 86.36%. It is estimated that there are more than 100 million students of myopia in China, and the rate of myopia is among the highest in East Asia and Southeast Asia. “Not only that, myopia in China is becoming younger and younger, and the rate of myopia among rural students is rising rapidly, and has begun to surpass the city.” Wang Dengfeng, director of the Department of Sports Health and Art Education of the Ministry of Education, said.

The Ministry of Education and other eight departments recently jointly issued the “Implementation Plan for the Prevention and Control of Myopia for Children and Adolescents”. It is proposed that by 2023, the overall myopia rate for children and adolescents nationwide will be reduced by more than 0.5 percentage points per year on the basis of 2018; the provinces with high incidence of myopia will be reduced every year. More than 1 percentage point.

The causes of high incidence of myopia involve multiple factors such as school, family, and society, and reduce myopia rate. Can it really be done? A good attempt in some places, let everyone see the dawn. It is reported that the monitoring data of 92 key monitoring schools in Wuhan show that the student’s standardized low vision rate has dropped from 50.83% in 2014 to 45.45% in 2017, achieving a “three consecutive declines”.

“Human sea tactics” control myopia, where do people come from?

“I am responsible for helping my classmates to check their vision. Vision is ‘successful’ and can be rewarded with points!” On the morning of October 30th, in the visual function room of Wuhan Red Scarf School, the reporter saw the sixth grade student Yu Zikai, sitting in a Before the small white machine, skillfully manipulate the equipment. This intelligent vision testing device allows children to self-test vision under the guidance of “visual guards”. The visual data of all the children in the school will be automatically entered into the intelligent system through this device, and enter the ocean of big data, becoming the data foundation for class, school and even the city’s prevention and control of myopia.

“I am a school-level ‘visual guardian’, and there are two classes in each class, ‘visual guards’, to help the class teacher to remind everyone to go to the playground or to see the distance, to guide everyone to do eye exercises with the correct posture.” Say. On the school playground, the second-grade children are happily engaged in sports activities. Sports equipment is a rare “shuttle ball”, boomerang, ribbon Frisbee, etc., all of which allow children to exercise their eye muscles during exercise.

“My daughter is already in the fifth grade. Now my eyes are 1.2. I really am very pleased. The school will hold several special parent conferences every semester to introduce myopia prevention and control knowledge, and ask parents to supervise their children to use less electronic products. More outdoor activities. Children now look at the tablet computer is no more than 15 minutes, watching TV is less than half an hour, has formed a habit,” said Luo Min, a student of the Red Scarf School.

As a national student vision health management demonstration zone, Wuhan has established a three-dimensional full-time part-time “visual defense” team consisting of students, teachers, principals, parents and doctors through 10 years of hard work. Form a strong network of “group defense”.

“The occurrence of myopia, in addition to a very small number of genetic factors, is more related to behavioral habits. Students use eyes for a long time, especially the abuse of electronic products, is an important reason for the high incidence of myopia in children and adolescents. Prevention and control of myopia can not be completed. It is necessary for the whole society to work together.” Professor Wen Liyang, chairman of the Wuhan Provincial Primary and Secondary School Students’ Vision Health Management Expert Committee, said.

In Shandong Province, where the myopia rate of primary and secondary school students is “three consecutive drops”, since 2010, more than 3,000 professional and technical personnel, grassroots prevention and control personnel, and teachers have been trained, more than 3,300 school doctors and health instructors have been trained, and more than 100 parent reports have been held. There were 65,000 participants in the field.

Updated: February 22, 2017 — 7:33 am

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